PSHE and Relationships Education, Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) and Health Education Policy
Our PSHE and RSE curriculum promotes the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development of pupils, preparing children for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of later life. PSHE contributes to all aspects of the Christian vision for our school and underpins our approach to promoting the British Values of democracy, the rule of the law, mutual respect, individual liberty and tolerance of those with other faiths and beliefs.
We recognise all relationships that are founded in mutual love and consensual love as being equal and valid in all respects. We believe in promoting a culture within school where breadth of relationships, sexualities and genders are regarded as being integral to our school, community and society.
Defining Relationships Education
The department for Education defines relationship education as,
‘teaching the fundamental building blocks and characteristics of positive relationships, with particular reference to friendships, family relationships and with other relationships with other peers and adults.’
We intend to support children understand and make sense of the world they are growing up in and to recognise the similarities and differences between their peers and their families. Children understand that every human being is unique and has the right to be respected. There is a strong link to our school promises of being courageous, respectful and compassionate.
In our Church of England school, we place a focus on the spiritual and moral aspects of relationships within a Christian vision for the purpose of life in which lessons will help pupils explore the foundational ethic of ‘love your neighbour as yourself,’ (mark 12.31). Pupils will consider how to ensure that they treat themselves and others with dignity and respect at all times and in all contexts. We follow the principles in the Church of England Charter for faith sensitive and inclusive relationship education, relationships and sex education (RSE) and health education (RSHE). https://www.churchofengland.org/about/education-and-schools/church-schools-and-academies/relationships-sex-and-health-education
All our work in RHSE is undertaken with the same duty of safeguarding children which applies to all school practice.
We believe it is important for our class teachers to deliver PSHE and RSE lessons as they know their children best. This means they will be aware of any additional needs, vulnerabilities and topics that are more poignant to the age, background and development of the children in their class. Children will also feel more confident to ask and answer questions and discuss sensitive topics within their own peer group and with familiar, trusted staff.
Teachers will be made aware of local issues through information such as Growing up in North Yorkshire survey and local police reports on issues such as county lines, crime, racist incidents etc.
Research has shown that the age of the onset of puberty has come down in recent years (typically 8-14). Hence, children will learn about how their bodies develop and the emotional changes they may experience through short films and adult led discussions. All children will learn about menstruation and its purpose and girls will be offered additional sessions. In year 6, children learn how babies are conceived and born within the context of loving, respectful relationships.
Children will also be taught about valuing their own bodies, mutual respect and the right to privacy and consent, including how to stay safe through social media.
Parents are invited to view the materials used in advance to prepare them for questions at home.
Parents right of withdrawal from Sex Education
Relationships Education is statutory for all pupils but Sex Education is not statutory for primary children. Therefore, parents can choose to withdraw their child from this element of the primary curriculum. However, parents should contact the Head Teacher if they choose to withdraw from these lessons to discuss further.
South Kilvington has the same high expectations of the quality of pupils’ work in these subjects as for other curriculum areas. Our curriculum will build on the knowledge pupils have previously acquired and pupils will receive regular feedback. Targeted questioning will challenge children to think more deeply about topics discussed and their responses noted.
South Kilvington regards all children as ‘remarkable individuals’ and so lessons should be planned to ensure that all pupils can access the lesson and are suitably challenged. Assessments will be used to identify where pupils need extra support or intervention.
Pupil voice, questionnaires, lesson observations, Growing up in North Yorkshire Survey, conduct and behaviour of children, children are confident to talk about their needs and those of others and have an interest in local and global issues and dilemmas.
Appendix 1 – Curriculum Content
To embrace the challenges of creating a happy and successful adult life, pupils need knowledge that will enable them to make informed decisions about their wellbeing, health and relationships and to build their self-efficacy. Pupils can also put this knowledge into practice as they develop the capacity to make sound decisions when facing risks, challenges and complex contexts. Everyone faces difficult situations in their lives. These subjects can support young people to develop resilience, to know how and when to ask for help, and to know where to access support. See https://www.pshe-association.org.uk/curriculum-and-resources/resources/programme-study-pshe-education-key-stages-1%E2%80%935 for resources.
We have 3 core themes: HEALTH AND WELL-BEING RELATIONSHIPS LIVING IN THE WIDER WORLD
Unfortunately not the ones with chocolate chips.
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